MATHEMATICS (MA) 

MA 110 
Finite
Mathematics 
3 cr 

This
course is intended to give an overview of topics
in finite mathematics together with their applications.
The course includes logic, sets, counting, permutations,
combinations, basic probability, descriptive statistics, and their applications. Students are
required to have a scientific calculator. Core Course. 
Note:
May be offered for Honors Credit. 

NOTE:
MA 110 is not a Prerequisite for nor is it intended to be preparatory for any course listed below. 

MA 112 
Precalculus
Algebra 
3 cr 

The course covers algebraic, graphical and numerical properties of functions, focusing on linear, quadratic, general polynomial, absolute value, rational, exponential, and logarithmic functions. Topics also include equations, inequalities, and complex numbers. Applications of mathematics to modeling real world situations are emphasized. Credit for both MA 112 and
MA 115 not allowed. Prerequisite: C or better in MTH 100 or sufficient Mathematics Placement Exam score. Core Course. 
NOTE: Students who do not have
the Prerequisites for MA 112 should contact
Developmental Studies. 



MA 113 
Precalculus
Trigonometry 
3 cr 

Continuation
of MA 112. Topics include numerical, graphical and algebraic
properties of trigonometric
functions, inverse trigonometric functions, right angle trigonometry, parametric equations, polar coordinates, and conic sections. Development and application of mathematical
models to realworld
situations is emphasized. Credit for both MA 113 and MA 115 not allowed.
Prerequisite: C or better in MA 112 or sufficient Mathematics Placement Exam score. Core
Course. 

MA 115 
Precalculus
Algebra and Trigonometry 
4 cr 

This fastpaced course is designed as a review of the algebra and trigonometry needed in calculus. It covers the material of MA 112 and MA 113 in one semester. Topics include numerical, graphical and algebraic properties of polynomial, rational, exponential, logarithmic, and trigonometric functions; inverse trigonometric functions; right angle trigonometry; parametric equations; polar coordinates and conic sections. Applications of mathematics to modeling real world situations are emphasized. Prerequisite: sufficient Mathematics Placement Exam score. Credit for both MA 112 and MA 115 not allowed; credit for both MA 113 and MA 115 not allowed. Core
Course. 

MA 120 
Calculus
and Its Applications 
3 cr 

Introduction
to calculus with an emphasis on problem solving
and applications. Key concepts are presented graphically,
numerically and algebraically, although the stress
is on a clear understanding of graphs and tabular
data. The course covers: algebraic, exponential
and logarithmic functions, their properties and
their use in modeling; the concepts of derivative
and definite integral and their applications to
marginal analysis, optimization and probability;
examples of multivariable functions, partial derivatives
and applications to optimization problems. Students
are encouraged to have a graphing calculator. Credit
for both MA 120 and MA 125 not allowed. Prerequisite:
C or better in MA 112 or sufficient Mathematics Placement Exam score. MA 120 is not a Prerequisite for subsequent calculus courses. Core
Course. 


The course provides an introduction
to calculus with emphasis on differential calculus. Topics include limits of functions, derivatives of algebraic and transcendental functions, application of the derivative to curve sketching, optimization problems, and examples in the natural
sciences, engineering, and economics. The course concludes with an introduction to antiderivatives, definite integrals, and the fundamental theorem of calculus. Credit for both MA 120 and MA 125 is not allowed.
Prerequisite: C or better in MA 113 or MA 115 or sufficient Mathematics Placement Exam score. Core
Course. 

NOTE: MA 110, MA 112, MA 113, MA 115, MA 120, and MA 125 have strict Prerequisites. To be able to enroll in these courses a student needs either to pass the Prerequisite course with C or better or to have a sufficient Mathematics Placement Exam score. 


This course is a
continuation of MA 125 with emphasis on integral calculus. Topics include techniques of integration; applications of the
definite integral to geometry, natural sciences, engineering, and economics;
improper
integrals; infinite sequences and series; Taylor polynomials and Taylor series; parametric equations and polar coordinates. Prerequisite: C or better in MA
125. Core Course. 

MA 150 
Contemporary
Mathematics and Statistics 
1 cr 

Seminar 


This
course gives an overview of modern mathematics
and statistics from the point of view of the practitioners.
The course is designed for majors in mathematics
and statistics at all levels as well as those
students who are considering mathematics or statistics
as a major or minor area of study. Topics usually
included are elements of geometry, algebra, analysis,
methods of statistical inference, the role of
the computer in analytical sciences; these topics
vary from semester to semester. This course cannot
be taken for credit simultaneously with ST 150.

NOTE:
May be offered for Honors Credit. 

MA 201 
Mathematics
for Elementary Teachers I 
3 cr 

An
examination of some of the major ideas encountered
in the teaching of elementary mathematics. Topics
include introduction to problem solving, sets,
relations, logic, numeration systems, elementary
number theory, properties and operations for whole
numbers, integers, rational numbers, and real
numbers. Prerequisite: C or better in MA 110 or MA 112 or higher level course 
NOTE:
MA 201 does not fulfill graduation requirements
for any curriculum other than College of Education. 

MA 202 
Mathematics
for Elementary Teachers II 
3 cr 

Topics
covered are those that a prospective elementary
or middle school teacher should expect to encounter
in the teaching of geometry in elementary or middle
school. Topics include geometric shapes, measurement,
triangle congruence and similarity, coordinate
geometry. Prerequisite: C or better in MA 110 or MA 112 or higher level course. 
NOTE:
MA 202 does not fulfill graduation requirements
for any curriculum other than College of Education. 


Vectors;
functions of several variables; partial derivatives;
local linearity; directional derivatives; the
gradient; differential of a function; the chain
rule; higher order partial derivatives; optimization of functions of several
variables; multiple integrals and their applications;
parametric curves and surfaces; vector fields;
line and surface integrals; vector calculus. Prerequisite:
C or better in MA 126. Core Course. 

MA 237 
Linear
Algebra I 
3 cr 

An
introduction to linear algebra. Topics include
vector spaces, linear transformations, determinants,
the eigenvalue problem and applications. Prerequisite:
C or better in MA 126. Core Course. 

MA 238 
Applied
Differential Equations I 
3 cr 

First
order differential equations. Higher order linear
differential equations. Systems of first order
linear differential equations. Laplace Transforms.
Methods for approximating solutions to first order
differential equations. Applications. Students
should have taken or be taking MA 227. Core
Course. 

MA 267 
Discrete
Mathematical Structures 
3 cr 

This
course is an introduction to discrete mathematics
for students majoring in computerrelated areas.
Students will be introduced to concepts and methods
that are essential to theoretical computer science.
A strong emphasis is placed on developing skills
in mathematical reasoning and understanding and
writing proofs. Topics include sets, functions,
induction, recursion, combinatorics and graphs.
Prerequisite: C or better in MA 113 or C or better in MA 115 or sufficient Mathematics Placement Exam score. 

MA 290 
Special
Topics 
3 cr 

Selected
topics in elementary undergraduate mathematics. This course may be repeated for a maximum of six credits. 

MA 303 
Mathematics
for Elementary Teachers III 
3 cr 

An
exploration of problem solving strategies. Problems
exemplifying the various problem solving strategies
studied. Emphasis on the development of problem
solving skills by exploring interesting problems
which demand for their solution that the student
select from a wide variety of possible strategies
and use a wide variety of conceptual tools. Prerequisite:
C or better in MA 202. 
NOTE:
MA 303 does not fulfill graduation requirements
for any curriculum other than elementary education. 

MA 311 
Introduction
to Number Theory 
3 cr 

An
introduction to classical number theory with a
balance between theory and computation. Topics
include mathematical induction, divisibility properties,
properties of prime numbers, the theory of congruences,
number theoretic functions, continued fractions.
Prerequisite: C or better in MA 126. 

MA 316 
Linear
Algebra II 
3 cr 

A
continuation of MA 237. Topics include inner product
spaces, spectral theorem for symmetric operators,
complex vector spaces, Jordan canonical form.
Additional topics such as duality and tensor products
to be included at the discretion of the instructor.
Prerequisite: C or better in MA 237. 

MA 320 
Foundations
of Mathematics (W) 
3 cr 

A transition to higher mathematics with an emphasis on proof techniques. Topics include symbolic logic, elementary set theory, induction, relations, functions, and the structure of the number system. Mathematics and Statistics majors are encouraged to take MA 320 as soon as possible after completing MA 125. Prerequisites:
C or better in EH 102 or EH 105 and MA 125. 

MA 321 
Elementary
Geometry 
3 cr 

The course covers the major topics from secondary school curriculum of plane and solid geometry from the modern viewpoint. Emphasis will be placed on axioms, definitions, theorems, and proofs. Students will also gain experience in solving problems and communicating mathematical ideas effectively. Prerequisite:
C or better in MA 320. 

MA 332 
Differential
Equations II 
3 cr 

Series
solutions of second order linear equations. Numerical
methods. Nonlinear differential equations and
stability. Partial differential equations and
Fourier series. SturmLiouville problems. Prerequisites:
C or better in MA 227 and MA 238. 

MA 334 
Advanced
Calculus I 
3 cr 

This
is the first of a twocourse sequence designed
to provide students with the theoretical context
of concepts encountered in MA 125 through MA 227.
Topics covered include Completeness Axiom, sequences
of real numbers, suprema and infima, Cauchy sequences,
open sets and accumulation points in Euclidean
space, completeness of Euclidean space, series
of real numbers and vectors, compactness, HeineBorel
Theorem, connectedness, continuity, Extremum Theorem,
Intermediate Value Theorem, differentiation of
functions of one variable. Prerequisites: C or better in MA 227
and MA 237; and in MA 320 or consent of instructor. 

MA 335 
Advanced
Calculus II 
3 cr 

This
is the second of a twocourse sequence designed
to provide students with the theoretical context
of concepts encountered in MA 125 through MA 227.
Topics covered include integration of functions
of one variable, pointwise and uniform convergence,
integration and differentiation of series, differentiable
mappings of several variables, chain rule, product
rule and gradients, Mean Value Theorem, Taylor's
Theorem, Inverse Function Theorem, Implicit Function
Theorem. Prerequisite: C or better in MA 334. 

MA 354 
Computer
Assisted Mathematical Modeling (W) (C) 
3 cr 

This course is intended to provide the basic ideas regarding formulation, development, testing and reporting of mathematical models of various real world problems. Deterministic and stochastic models, optimization and simulations will be covered. Emphasis will be on careful mathematical formulations and the use of computer software, such as Microsoft Excel, Mathematica and Matlab. A term project will be an important component of this course. The course is taught in a laboratory setting with computers as lab equipment. Prerequisites: C or better in EH 102, MA
227, and in MA 238. 

MA 367 
Combinatorial
Enumeration 
3 cr 

An
introduction to the mathematical theory of counting.
Basic counting principles, permutations and combinations,
partitions, recurrence relations, and a selection
of more advanced topics such as generating functions,
combinatorial designs, Ramsey theory, or group
actions and Poyla theory. Prerequisite: C or better in MA 126
or consent of instructor. 

MA 410 
History
of Mathematics (W) 
3 cr 

Historical
survey of general development of mathematics with
a balance of historical perspective and mathematical
structure. Prerequisite: C or better in EH 102 and either senior standing or permission of instructor or department chair. 

MA 413 
Abstract Algebra
I (W) 
3 cr 

An
introduction to group theory and ring theory.
Topics include permutations and symmetries, subgroups,
quotient groups, homomophisms, as well as examples
of rings, integral domains, and fields. Prerequisites:
MA 237 and C or better in EH 102 or EH 105, and C or better in one of the following: MA 311, MA 320,
MA 334. 

MA 414 
Abstract Algebra
II (W) 
3 cr 

A
continuation of MA 413 focusing on rings and fields.
Topics include rings, ideals, integral domains,
fields and extension fields. Geometric constructions
and Galois theory are introduced. Prerequisite:
C or better in EH 102 or EH 105 and MA 413. 


An
introduction to topology with emphasis on the
geometric aspects of the subject. Topics covered
include surfaces, topological spaces, open and
closed sets, continuity, compactness, connectedness,
product spaces, and identification and quotient
spaces. Credit for both MA 434 and MA 542 is not
allowed. Prerequisite: C or better in MA 334. 

MA 436 
Numerical
Analysis 
3 cr 

Topics include methods of numerical solution of nonlinear equations in one variable, fixed points, contraction mapping and functional iteration methods, interpolation and approximation methods, numerical differentiation and integration, numerical solution of ordinary differential equations, analysis of error for various numerical procedures. Implementation in Mathematica of all numerical methods discussed in class is an essential part of the course. Prerequisite: Students should have taken or be taking MA 238. 

MA 437 
Complex
Variables 
3 cr 

Arithmetic
of complex numbers; regions in the complex plane;
limits, continuity, and derivatives of complex
functions; elementary complex functions; mappings
by elementary functions; contour integration;
power series; Taylor series; Laurent series; calculus
of residues; conformal representation; applications.
Credit for both MA 437 and MA 537 not allowed.
Prerequisite: C or better in MA 238. 


A
comprehensive introduction to probability, the
mathematical theory used to model uncertainty,
covering the axioms of probability, random variables,
expectation, classical discrete and continuous
families of probability models, the law of large
numbers and the central limit theorem. Credit
for both MA 451 and MA 550 is not allowed. Prerequisites:
C or better in MA 227 and MA 237. 

MA 458 
Operations
Research (W) 
3 cr 

An
introduction to linear programming. The course
will include a study of the simplex method as
well as using computers to solve linear systems of equations. As time permits, topics covered will
include sensitivity analysis, duality, integer
programming, transportation, assignment, transshipment,
and networks. Credit for
both MA 458 and MA 567 is not allowed. Prerequisites:
C or better in EH 102 or EH 105 and MA 237. 

MA 467 
Mathematical Logic 
3 cr 
An introduction to formal firstorder logic, firstorder metatheory, and its extensions. Topics include axiom systems and their models, completeness, compactness, and recursive sets and functions. Identical with PHL 467. Credit cannot be received for both PHL 467 and MA 467. Prerequisites: PHL 321 or C or better in any 300level or higher MA course. 

MA 481 
Cryptography 
3 cr 
This course gives an introduction to classical and modern methods of message encryption and decryption (cryptography) as well as possible attacks to cryptosystems (cryptanalysis). Topics include information theory, classical (symmetric) cryptosystems (DES, AES), publickey (asymmetric) cryptosystems (DiffieHellman, RSA, ElGamal), oneway and trapdoor functions, Hash functions, cryptanalysis, cryptographic protocols (identification, authentication, secret sharing, oblivious transfer, zeroknowledge), emoney and ecommerce. Credit for both MA 481 and MA 581 is not allowed. Prerequisite: C or better in MA 311. 

MA 490 
Special
Topics 
13 cr 

Selected
topics in advanced undergraduate mathematics.
This course may be repeated for a maximum of six
credits. 

MA 494 
Directed
Studies 
13 cr 

Directed
individual study. May be repeated for a maximum
of six credits. Prerequisites: Permission of the
department chair. 

MA 499 
Honors
Senior Project 
36 cr 

With
the guidance and advice of a faculty mentor, honors
students will identify, and carry out a research
project in mathematics. The outcome of the research
project will include a formal presentation at
the annual Honors Student Colloquium. The senior
project will be judged and graded by three members
of the faculty, chaired by the faculty mentor. 

MA 501 
Number
Systems 
3 cr 

A
case study of axiom systems and the deductive
method for graduate students in Mathematics Education.
It is expected that students in this course will
practice and improve their logical skills, better
understand proof as a mathematical activity, and
study the similarities and differences between
several commonly used number systems. Prerequisite:
C or better in MA 321 or MA 413 or permission of the instructor. 

MA 502 
Introduction
to Abstract Algebra 
3 cr 

An
introduction to the fundamental concepts of modern
algebra such as groups, rings, and fields through
concrete examples. The course is designed for
graduate students in the College of Education.
Prerequisite: C or better in MA 413 or permission of the instructor. 

MA 503 
Introduction
to Analysis 
3 cr 

A
careful look at the elements, procedures, and
applications of differential and integral calculus.
Prerequisites: C or better in MA 227 or permission of the instructor. This course is designed for students in the College of Education. 

MA 504 
Introduction
to Geometry 
3 cr 

An
introduction to the foundations of geometry using
both synthetic and metric approaches. Euclidean,
finite, projective, and hyperbolic geometries
are discussed. The axioms for various geometries
are discussed. Prerequisites: C or better in MA 321 or permission of the instructor. This course is designed for students in the College of Education. 

MA 505 
Mathematical
Problem Solving 
3 cr 

An
indepth activitybased approach to the methods
and strategies for mathematical problem solving
for students in Mathematics Education. Problems
selected from logic, algebra, analysis, geometry,
combinatorics, number theory and probability. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. This course is designed for students in the College of Education. 

MA 506 
Statistics for Teachers 
3 cr 

Prepares inservice and preservice teachers to teach statistics in high schools using a databased approach. Uses handsonactivities approach and simulation of situations to teach concepts, and technology to teach data analysis. Prerequisite: C or better inMA 126 or permission of the instructor. This course is designed for students in the College of Education. 

MA 507 
Advanced Ordinary Differential Equations 
3 cr 

A
graduatelevel introduction to ordinary
differential equations and their applications in Physics and Engineering. Topics include differential equations of first and higher order, power series solutions, and Laplace transform. 

MA 508 
Advanced Partial Differential Equations 
3 cr 

A
continuation of MA 507 with emphasis on partial differential equations and their applications in Physics and Engineering. Topics include Fourier series, Fourier transform, diffusion equation, wave equation, and Laplace equation. 


A
graduate level introduction to group theory. Topics
include quotient groups, homomorphism, group actions,
Sylow theorems, composition series, simple groups,
free groups, and fundamental theorem of abelian groups. 


A
graduate level introduction to ring theory and
fields. Topics include ring homomorphism, quotient
rings, ideals, rings of fractions, Euclidean domains,
principal ideal domains, unique factorization
domains, modules, finite fields, and field extensions.
Prerequisite: C or better in MA 511. 

MA 515 
Number
Theory 
3 cr 

Modular
arithmetic, arithmetic functions, prime numbers,
and algebraic number theory. 

MA 516 
Topics
in Number Theory 
3 cr 

A
second course in number theory, covering topics
of interest to the students and instructor. Prerequisite:
C or better in MA 515. 

MA 518 
Linear
Algebra I 
3 cr 

Fields,
vector spaces, dual spaces, quotient spaces, multilinear
forms, linear transformations, algebras, adjoints,
and eigenvalues. 

MA 519 
Linear
Algebra II 
3 cr 

Triangular
form, nilpotence, Jordan form, inner products,
selfadjoint transformations, positive transformations,
isometries, Spectral Theorem, polar decomposition,
and applications to analysis. Prerequisite: C or better in MA 518. 

MA 521 
Enumerative Combinatorics 
3 cr 

Pigeonhole
principle, basic counting techniques, binomial
coefficients, inclusionexclusion principle, recurrence
relations, generating functions, systems of distinct
representatives, and finite fields. 


Fundamental
concepts, connectedness, graph coloring, planarity
and Kuratowski's theorem, fourcolor theorem,
chromatic polynomial, Eulerian and Hamiltonian
graphs, matching theory, network flows, NPcomplete
graph problems, Markov chains, and matroids. 

MA 535 
Real Analysis
I 
3 cr 

An
introduction to real analysis. Topics include
the metric topology of the reals, limits and continuity,
differentiation, and RiemannStieltjes integral. Prerequisite:
An undergraduate course in advanced calculus. 

MA 536 
Real Analysis
II 
3 cr 

A
continuation of MA 535. Topics covered include
sequences and series of functions, differentiation
and integration in several variables,and an introduction
to the Lebesgue integral and differential forms as time allows.
Prerequisite: C or better in MA 535. 

MA 537 
Complex
Analysis 
3 cr 

Arithmetic
of complex numbers; regions in the complex plane;
limits, continuity, and derivatives of complex
functions; elementary complex functions; mappings
by elementary functions; contour integration;
power series; Taylor series; Laurent series; calculus
of residues; conformal representation; and applications.
Credit for both MA 537 and MA 437 is not allowed.
Prerequisite: C or better in MA 238. 

MA 538 
Topics
in Complex Analysis 
3 cr 

A
second course in complex analysis, covering topics
of interest to the students and instructor. Prerequisite: C or better in MA 537. 

MA 539 
Measure
Theory 
3 cr 

Foundations
of the general theory of measure and integration,
with particular attention to the Lebesgue integral.
Function spaces, product measure and Fubini's
theorem, the RadonNikodym theorem and applications
to probability theory are discussed, and possibly
additional topics such as Haar measure or the
Ergodic Theorem. Prerequisite: C or better in MA 536. 

MA 540 
Differential
Geometry 
3 cr 

Local
and global theory of curves and surfaces in threedimensional
space. 


An
introduction to topology with emphasis on the
geometric aspects of the subject. Topics covered
include surfaces, topological spaces, open and
closed sets, continuity, compactness, connectedness,
product spaces, and identification and quotient
spaces. Credit for both MA 542 and MA 434 is not
allowed. 


A
continuation of MA 542. Topics covered include
the fundamental group, triangulations, classification
of surfaces, homology, the EulerPoincare
formula, the BorsukUlam theorem, the Lefschetz
fixedpoint theorem, knot theory, covering
spaces, and applications. Prerequisites: C or better in MA 542 or MA 434 and permission
of the instructor. 


A
comprehensive introduction to probability, the
mathematical theory used to model uncertainty,
covering the axioms of probability, random variables,
expectation, classical discrete and continuous
families of probability models, the law of large
numbers, and the central limit theorem. Credit
for both MA 550 and MA 451 is not allowed. Prerequisites: C or better in
MA 227 and MA 237. 

MA 551 
Theory
of Statistics 
3 cr 

A
comprehensive introduction to the mathematical
foundations of statistics. Sufficient statistics
and information, parameter estimation, maximum
likelihood and moment estimation, optimality properties
of estimators and confidence intervals. Hypothesis
testing, likelihood ratio tests, and power functions.
Credit for both MA 551 and ST 470 is not allowed.
Prerequisite: C or better in MA 451 or MA 550. 

MA 555 
Statistical
Analysis I 
3 cr 

A
first course in an integrated twocourse sequence
in applied statistical theory and methods for
research workers in technical fields. Coverage
includes probability and basic probability models,
mathematical expectations, random sampling processes
and central limit theorem, estimation, hypothesis
testing and power analysis, and some applications
of the theory of least squares. Computer assisted
data analysis is used. 

MA 560 
Statistical
Analysis II 
3 cr 

A
second course (continuation of MA 555) in an integrated
twocourse sequence in applied statistical theory
and methods for research workers in technical
fields. Coverage includes regression analysis,
design and analysis of experiments, factorial
experiments, analysis of covariance, nonparametric
analytical techniques, and analysis of count data.
Computerassisted data analysis is used. Prerequisite:
C or better in MA 555. 

MA 565 
Numerical
Analysis 
3 cr 

An
introduction to Numerical Analysis. Topics include
error analysis, systems of linear equations, nonlinear
equations, integration, ordinary differential
equations among others. Prerequisite: C or better in MA 535. 

MA 567 
Operations
Research 
3 cr 

An
introduction to linear programming. The course
will include a study of the simplex method as
well as using computers to solve linear systems of equations. As time permits, topics covered will
include sensitivity analysis, duality, integer
programming, transportation, assignment, transshipment,
and networks. Credit for
both MA 567 and MA 458 is not allowed. Prerequisites:
C or better in MA 237. 

MA 568 
Topics
in Operations Research 
3 cr 

A
second course in operations research, covering
topics of interest to the students and instructor.
Prerequisite: C or better in MA 567. 

MA 571 
Ordinary
Differential Equations 
3 cr 

An
introduction to ordinary differential equations
from a dynamical systems perspective. Topics include
existence and uniqueness theorems, dependence
on initial data, linear systems and exponential
of operators, stability of equilibria, PoincareBendixon
theorem. Additional topics such as applications
to population dynamics, classical mechanics, periodic
attractors among others will be included at the
discretion of the instructor. Prerequisite: C or better in MA
518. 

MA 572 
Partial
Differential Equations 
3 cr 

An
introduction to partial differential equations
emphasizing spectral methods. Topics include elementary
Hilbert spaces, Fourier series and integrals and
their applications to the study of the basic partial
differential equations of mathematical physics.
More advanced topics such as asymptotic properties
and regularity of solutions and nonlinear equations
among others will be included at the discretion
of the instructor. Prerequisite: C or better in MA 536. 

MA 581 
Cryptography 
3 cr 
This course gives an introduction to classical and modern methods of message encryption and decryption (cryptography) as well as possible attacks to cryptosystems (cryptanalysis). Topics include information theory, classical (symmetric) cryptosystems (DES, AES), publickey (asymmetric) cryptosystems (DiffieHellman, RSA, ElGamal), oneway and trapdoor functions, Hash functions, cryptanalysis, cryptographic protocols (identification, authentication, secret sharing, oblivious transfer, zeroknowledge), and emoney and ecommerce. Credit for both MA 481 and MA 581 is not allowed. Prerequisite: C or better in MA 311. 

MA 590 
Special
Topics 
13 cr 

Selected
topics in elementary graduate mathematics. This
course may be repeated for a maximum of six credits. 


Student
seminar. Topics covered vary. This course may
be repeated indefinitely, but only two credits
count towards the degree. Grading system: satisfactory/unsatisfactory. 

MA 594 
Directed
Studies 
13 cr 

Directed
individual study. May be repeated for up to six hours of credit. Prerequisites: Approval of the
department chair. 


Prerequisite:
Approval of research prospectus by Department
Graduate Committee. 




